Doctoral education and postdoctoral training programs fail to prepare future faculty to be effective teachers.Teaching as Research is deliberate, systematic and that's why Delta (part of the National Science Foundation) has a proposal of four core elements of a learning community:
1) Shared learning and discovery -Teacher is not the only one who knows, his roll changes to a 'facilitator.'
2) Functional relationships -Create an environment of meaningful connections.
3) Inclusive learning environment -When working in groups, these produce a higher quality output if diverse perspectives are represented.
4) Connections to other learning experiences -Again, connectivity is the vehicle for the sharing resources and delegation of responsibilities.