Early in the debate, the distinction was made between what one could call conservative education and liberal education. The goal of conservative education being to transfer values, traditions from a generation to another. In simplistic terms, so that children learn to act like their parents. On the other side, the goal of liberal education is to enable critical thinking. It is thus more related to Socratic education, based on the idea that the teacher’s responsibility is not to give answers but to lead his pupils to their own discoveries
Read the whole history at Christophe Bruchansky Blog.
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